Country Profile: Pakistan 



Human development index (for 2005)
Human development index rank  136 (UNDP 2007)
GDP per capital (PPP) $2 370 (UNDP 2007)
Life Expectancy at birth (years) 64.6 (UNDP 2007)
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education  40.0 per cent (UNDP 2007)
Total population mid-2007 163 902 000 (United Nations 2006)
Population of persons with disabilities Not available
Proportion of persons with disabilities to total population 2.49 per cent (1998) (ESCAP 2006, Q 18) *
definition of disability  A limitation of performance in one or more activities which are generally accepted as essential basic components of daily living such as partial or complete inability to perform them (ESCAP 2006, Q 19)
definition of persons with disabilities  “[A] person who, on account of injury, disease or congenital deformity, is handicapped for undertaking any gainful profession or employment in order to earn his livelihood, and includes a person who is blind, deaf, physically handicapped or mentally retarded.” (Pakistan 1981, art. 2, para. 3)
Employment rate of persons with disabilities Not available (ESCAP 2006, Q 12.1)
Access to education  No response provided (ESCAP 2006, Q 6/7.1)
Institutional framework
National coordination mechanism or disability focal point  National Council for Rehabilitation of Disabled Persons, established in 1981(ESCAP 2006, Qs 1(i), (ii))
Number of members and composition of the mechanism A total of 19 members under the chairmanship of the Secretary of the Ministry of Social Welfare and with the Deputy Secretary of the Ministry as Secretary to the National Council, including representatives from relevant divisions and other ministries, eminent persons in the disability field, the National Council of Social Welfare and registered trade unions (ESCAP 2006, Q 1(ii))
Legislative and policy framework
Mention on disability in constitution   Indicates that the State shall:
“(d) provide basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing, housing, education and medical relief, for all such citizens, irrespective of sex, caste, creed or race, as are permanently or temporarily unable to earn their livelihood on account of infirmity, sickness …” (Pakistan 1973, part II, chap. 2, art. 38)
comprehensive disability law No (ESCAP 2006, Q 9) **
Disabilitiy-specific anti discrimination law No (ESCAP 2006, Q 10)
Sectoral disbility laws Cover: employment; building code (drafting stage); and transportation (drafting stage) (ESCAP 2006, Q 8(i))
National plan of action on disability  National Plan of Action 2006 to implement the National Policy for Persons with Disabilities (ESCAP 2006, Q 2(ii))
National efforts to promote an Inclusive Society
Employment quota scheme  Not less than 1 per cent of all employees in Government, commercial or industrial establishments in which the number of workers employed at any time during a year is not less than 100 (Pakistan 1981, art. 10) ***
National accessibility standard The process of legislation for the Physical Accessibility Act is in progress (ESCAP 2006, Q 13.1)
Standardized sign language  Not available; a national standard finger Braille exists (ESCAP 2006, Q 19.1)
ICT accessibility guideline No (ESCAP 2006, Qs 17.1, 18.1)
Financial commitment 
Proportion of disability (social) spending to GDP or entire national budget Not available
Annual budget allocated to the national coordination mechanism Approximately 500 million Pakistan rupees (ESCAP 2004c, Q 1-b)
Commitment to regional and international instruments on disability
Signatory to the Proclamation of the Decade 1993 (ESCAP 2004b)
Ratification of ILO Convention159 25 October 1994 (ILO 2009)
Ratification or signatiory of the conventions on the Rights of Person with Disabilities, and its Optional Protocol Signed the Convention on 25 September 2009 (United Nations 2009)
* Response refers to the National Census Report, 1998.
** Two bills: the Pakistan persons with disabilities act 2008 and The persons with disabilities (equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation) act 2008 are currently being formulated (Pakistan 2009).
***The Official Bills for Enacting Legislation Concerning Disabled Persons (Employment & Rehabilitation) Act, 2004 regarding the increase of the quota to 2 per cent was submitted to the cabinet for approval in August 2006 (Pakistan 2006).




APCD Activities

Launching the "Make the Right Real" Campaign, Pakistan, 26-31 January 2011