Country Profile: Malaysia




Human development index (for 2005)
Human development index rank  63 (UNDP 2007)
GDP per capital (PPP) $10 882 (UNDP 2007)
Life Expectancy at birth (years) 73.7 (UNDP 2007)
Combined gross enrolment ratio for primary, secondary and tertiary education  74.3 per cent (UNDP 2007)*
Total population mid-2007 27 124 000 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting            27 124 000      end_of_the_skype_highlighting (United Nations 2006)
Population of persons with disabilities 197 519** (Malaysia 2007)
Proportion of persons with disabilities to total population 1 per cent (1958) (ESCAP 2006, Q 18)
More than 10 per cent of all children have developmental problems; the rate detected increased with age (Amar-Singh HSS 2008)
definition of disability  No response provided (ESCAP 2006, Q 19)
definition of persons with disabilities “[T]hose who have long term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments which in interaction with various barriers may hinder their full and effective participation in society.”(Malaysia 2008, art. 2)
Employment rate of persons with disabilities No response provided (ESCAP 2006, Q 12.1)
Access to education  No response provided (ESCAP 2006, Q 6/7.1)
Institutional framework
National coordination mechanism or disability focal point  National Advisory and Consultative Council for Disabled Persons, established in 1998, with the Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development as the focal point (ESCAP 2006, Qs 1(i), (ii))
Number of members and composition of the mechanism A total of 35 members from ministries, NGOs and representatives of persons with disabilities (ESCAP 2006, Q 1(ii)) Defense) (ESCAP 2006, Q 1(ii))
Legislative and policy framework
Mention on disability in constitution   (ESCAP 2006, Q 6(ii))
comprehensive disability law Persons with Disabilities Act (Malaysia 2008)
Disabilitiy-specific anti discrimination law No (ESCAP 2006, Q 10)
Sectoral disbility laws Cover: education; employment; rehabilitation; health; building code; transportation and poverty alleviation (ESCAP 2006, Q 8(i))
National plan of action on disability  National plan of action on disability National Action Plan for Disabled Persons 2007-2012 (ESCAP 2006, Q 2(ii))
National efforts to promote an Inclusive Society
Employment quota scheme  1 per cent, in the public sector (ESCAP 2004c, Q 30-a)
National accessibility standard For the built environment:
(a) MS 1183 Code of Practice for Means of Escape for Disabled People (1990)
(b) MS 1184 Code of Practice for Access for Disabled Persons to Public Buildings
(c) MS 1131 Code of Practice for Access for Disabled Persons Outside Buildings
(d) Guidelines on Building Requirements for Disabled Persons (1999)
For the area of aviation, the International Air Transport Association Guidelines of the International Civil Aviation Organization have been adopted (ESCAP 2006, Q 13.1)***
Standardized sign language  Yes (ESCAP 2006, Q 19.1)
ICT accessibility guideline No response provided (ESCAP 2006, Qs 17.1, 18.1)
Financial commitment 
Proportion of disability (social) spending to GDP or entire national budget Not Available 
Annual budget allocated to the national coordination mechanism No response provided (ESCAP 2006, Q 1(ii))
Commitment to regional and international instruments on disability
Signatory to the Proclamation of the Decade 1994 (ESCAP 2004b)
Ratification of ILO Convention159 No (ILO 2009)
Ratification or signatiory of the conventions on the Rights of Person with Disabilities, and its Optional Protocol Signed the Convention on 8 April 2008 (United Nations 2009)
*  Data refer to a year other than that specified.
** Data based on a scheme of voluntary registration for persons with disabilities.
*** Accessibility standards on the built environment (a, b, c) are contained in the Uniform Building By-laws (1984), while (d) is a condition for the approval of building plans. The guidelines of the International Civil Aviation Organization were adopted and are enforced under the Civil Aviation Act (1969) and the Civil Aviation Regulations (1996).


APCD Activities

APCD Sharing Good Practices, Networking & Collaboration at Asia-Pacific CBR Convention in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 13-15 Nov 2010